, Volume 105, Issue 1, pp 33-42

The role of roots, cytokinins and apical dominance in the control of lateral shoot form in Solanum andigena

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Summary

The lateral bud of Solanum andigena has the potentiality to develop as a stolon or as a leafy, orthotropic shoot. Natural stolons are normally only produced from underground nodes, but aerial stolons can be induced to form by the application of a combination of indole-3-acetic acid and gibberellic acid (IAA/GA3) paste to the cut surface; under some conditions both natural or induced stolons are converted to upright, leafy shoots. The presence of roots was found to be necessary for the conversion of a natural stolon to a leafy shoot, but this root effect could be replaced by the synthetic cytokinin, 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP). By using α-14C-BAP it was demonstrated that cytokinin accumulates in the tip of an induced stolon, prior to its conversion to a leafy shoot caused by withdrawal of the IAA/GA3 paste. The application of IAA/GA3 to decapitated plants was shown to influence both the distribution and metabolism of the cytokinin. The possibility that the role of auxin in apical dominance, at least in part, is to control the distribution and metabolism of cytokinins is discussed.