, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 201–211

Community structure in north temperate ants: temporal and spatial variation

  • Joan M. Herbers
Original Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF00379807

Cite this article as:
Herbers, J.M. Oecologia (1989) 81: 201. doi:10.1007/BF00379807


Ant communities in Vermont and New York woods were sampled in four time periods to determine species composition, relative abundances, and nest locations in space. The Vermont community was richer, containing more species and higher nest densities than New York. Both communities followed the geometric distribution of species abundances, suggesting that a single resource was mediating competition. The resource most clearly implicated was suitable nest sites, principally pre-formed plant cavities. Nonrandom species associations, underdispersion in every season, and the occurrence of incipient nests overwintering aboveground all implicated shortage of such cavities. Furthermore, microhabitat differences which produce suitable nest sites occur over a very small scale in these communities.

Key words

AntsCommunity structureSpatial patternSeasonalityEnvironmental heterogeneity

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan M. Herbers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA