International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 59–61

Strengthening the pelvic floor with Kegel exercises

  • C. A. Pierson
Nursing Contribution

DOI: 10.1007/BF00373609

Cite this article as:
Pierson, C.A. Int Urogynecol J (1990) 1: 59. doi:10.1007/BF00373609


Pelvic floor exercises (PFE) have become a standard nursing intervention, both to prevent as well as to treat incontinence. A review of the literature shows great variety in the protocols for performing PFE, and inconsistent use of perineometers, palpation tests, or other biofeedback devices. Results are difficult to compare because of methodological inconsistencies. Suggestions for further research are included.


Pelvic floor exercisesKegel exercisesBiofeedbackPerineometer

Copyright information

© The International Urogynecology Journal 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Pierson
    • 1
  1. 1.Los AngelesUSA
  2. 2.RN, MSNLos AngelesUSA