Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 251–263

Reducing end groups in brich xylan and their alkaline degradation

  • M. H. Johansson
  • O. Samuelson

DOI: 10.1007/BF00356924

Cite this article as:
Johansson, M.H. & Samuelson, O. Wood Sci. Technol. (1977) 11: 251. doi:10.1007/BF00356924


The structure of the reducing end group in xylan can be written: -β-D-Xylp-(1→4)-β-D-Xylp-(1→3)-α-L-Rhap-(1→2)--α-D-GalpA-(1→4)-D-Xyl

In alkaline media the reducing xylose group is easily isomerized and removed by a β-elimination which leads to a reducing galacturonic acid end group. The 1, 2-linkage between rhamnose and the galacturonic acid explains the retarding effect on the alkaline peeling. Even under fairly mild conditions the galacturonic acid group is converted to other groups which are very stable in alkaline media. Model experiments permit the conclusion that OH-3 in the reducing group is subjected to β-hydroxyelimination. The 3-deoxy-2-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-D-threo-hex-2-enuronic acid group formed is unstable in acid medium and escapes observation by the techniques employed for determination of the end groups.

Upon prolonged alkaline treatment and increased proportion of these groups is lost and a rapid peeling proceeds until a xylose group with a 4-O-methylglucuronic acid substituent is liberated. The consecutive reactions of this group are similar to those of the galacturonic acid groups.

The formation of 3-deoxyaldonic acid end groups, an important stopping reaction in cellulose, is of minor importance in xylan.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. H. Johansson
    • 1
  • O. Samuelson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Engineering ChemistryChalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden

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