Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 143–155

Characterization and analysis of torrefied wood

  • J. Bourgois
  • R. Guyonnet

DOI: 10.1007/BF00355850

Cite this article as:
Bourgois, J. & Guyonnet, R. Wood Sci.Technol. (1988) 22: 143. doi:10.1007/BF00355850


Physicochemical analysis are carried out on samples of torrefied pine obtained at 260°C in inert atmosphere. Gaseous effluents which evolve in the first moments of the pyrolysis as well as liquid phase are analyzed by gas-chromatography. It appears from the solid analysis, that the chemical structure of pine is strongly altered by the process. The roasted wood exhibits particular properties: pronounced hydrophobic character, improved energetic power, a noticeable increase in ash content, a decrease of the volatile components and a decrease of those extracted by neutral solvents. It is shown that the more substantial change occurs at the beginning of heating.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bourgois
    • 1
  • R. Guyonnet
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Génie Electrochimique et BiotechnologiqueEcole des Mines de Saint-EtienneSaint-Etienne Cédex 2France

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