Genetics of dietary obesity in AKR/JxSWR/J mice: segregation of the trait and identification of a linked locus on Chromosome 4
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- West, D.B., Waguespack, J., York, B. et al. Mammalian Genome (1994) 5: 546. doi:10.1007/BF00354928
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We describe a new multiple gene mouse model of differential sensitivity to dietary obesity that provides a tool for dissecting the genetic basis for body composition and obesity. AKR/J and SWR/J male mice, as well as male progeny of intercrosses between these strains, were fed a high-fat diet for 12 weeks beginning at 5 weeks of age. Body weight and energy intake were assessed weekly. At the conclusion of the dietary manipulation, an adiposity index was calculated by dividing the weight of seven dissected adipose depots by the carcass weight. AKR/J mice had approximately sixfold greater adiposity than SWR/J mice. Examination of the segregation of the adiposity trait in the progeny of crosses between these strains indicates that the trait is determined by a minimum of one to four genetic loci and that there is significant dominance of the AKR/J genotype. A preliminary analysis with markers linked to the known mouse obesity genes ob, db, tub, and fat showed no linkage with these loci. However, a quantitative trait locus was found that maps distal to the db gene on Chromosome (Chr) 4. This locus has been designated dietary obese 1 or Do1.