, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 357-379

On the representation of modality

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In this paper I argue that noun complement modality cannot be treated as dependent on the meanings of lexical embedding predicates or of abstract performatives. Using two types of complement modalities, I show that their meanings and restrictions remain distinct and invariable regardless of the meanings of their embedding predicates. Then, using embedding predicates that can take both types of modalities, I show that the embedding predicates retain their meanings, regardless of the different modalities of their complements, and they can undergo deletions requiring their identity.

This is a revised version of a paper read at the 1974 Summer meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. I would like to thank Robin Ault and Lise Menn for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper.