Baculovirus-insect cell interactions
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- Blissard, G.W. Cytotechnology (1996) 20: 73. doi:10.1007/BF00350390
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Baculovirus interactions with host cells range from the physical interactions that occur during viral binding and entry, to the complex and subtle mechanisms that regulate host gene expression and modify and regulate cellular and organismal physiology and defenses. Fundamental studies of baculovirus biochemistry and molecular biology have yielded many interesting and important discoveries on the mechanisms of these virus-host interactions. Information from such studies has also resulted in exciting new strategies for environmentally sound insect pest control, and in the development and improvement of a valuable eukaryotic expression vector system. In addition a number of important and valuable model biological systems have emerged from studies of baculoviruses. These include robust systems for studies of eukaryotic transcription, viral DNA replication, membrane fusion, and apoptosis. Because functions have been identified for only a small number of baculovirus genes, we can expect many exciting new discoveries in the future and an unfolding of the complex and intricate relationship between baculoviruses and insect cells.