, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 229-232

First online:

Floral mimicry between Orchis israelitica Baumann and Dafni (Orchidaceae) and Bellevalia flexuosa Boiss. (Liliaceae)

  • A. DafniAffiliated withInstitute of Evolution, Haifa University
  • , Y. IvriAffiliated withInstitute of Evolution, Haifa University

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Orchis israelitica, which has no food reward, was found to share the pollinators of Bellevalia flexuosa: Eucera clypeata, Bombylius sp. and possibly also Anthophora sp. Since both species have a similar coloration pattern, flowering period and habitats — it is suggested that O. israelitica mimics the flowers of B. flexuosa as a deceit syndrome of pollination.

Aspects of floral mimicry, with special attention to floral adaptations in the genus Orchis, are discussed.