, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 229-232

Floral mimicry between Orchis israelitica Baumann and Dafni (Orchidaceae ) and Bellevalia flexuosa Boiss. (Liliaceae )

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Summary

Orchis israelitica, which has no food reward, was found to share the pollinators of Bellevalia flexuosa: Eucera clypeata, Bombylius sp. and possibly also Anthophora sp. Since both species have a similar coloration pattern, flowering period and habitats — it is suggested that O. israelitica mimics the flowers of B. flexuosa as a deceit syndrome of pollination.

Aspects of floral mimicry, with special attention to floral adaptations in the genus Orchis, are discussed.