, Volume 113, Issue 3, pp 415-423

Origin of Antarctic Isopoda (Crustacea, Malacostraca)

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Abstract

An analysis of the horizontal and the vertical zonation of the Antarctic Isopoda, combined with knowledge of the geological history of Antarctica and isopod phylogeny, revealed that the isopod family Serolidae and subfamily Arcturinae are likely to have evolved from ancestors that inhabited a cold-temperate Gondwanian province. Antarctic species of other families, such as the Munnopsidae, Nannoniscidae, Desmosomatidae and Ischnomesidae, are likely to have evolved from deep-sea ancestors. It is deduced that emigration of South Patagonian species into the Southern Ocean, although possible, probably did not occur very often. Evolutionary phenomena such as continental-drift vicariance, radiation of species on the continental shelf of Antarctica, and active migration, including submergence and emergence mechanisms are discussed.

Communicated by O. Kinne, Oldendorf/Luhe