Lim, A.S. & Atrens, A. Appl. Phys. A (1990) 51: 411. doi:10.1007/BF00348382
ESCA examination of films formed on nitrogen-containing stainless steels after immersion in 0.1 M NaCl revealed that nitrogen was enriched in the outer 0.5 nm of the film at a concentration a few times higher than in the substrate. The N(1s) binding energy varied from 399.6–399.7 eV at the outermost surface of the film to 398.3–398.8 eV in the film at a depth of about 0.5 nm. This indicates a change in the chemical state of nitrogen upon exposure of the nitrogen-containing stainless steels to the solution, and furthermore, that the surface nitrogen enrichment could be of significance in the improved pitting resistance.