, Volume 178, Issue 3, pp 633-637

Genetic and biochemical evidence for hexokinase PII as a key enzyme involved in carbon catabolite repression in yeast

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Summary

Mutants with reduced hexokinase activity previously isolated as resistant to carbon catabolite repression of invertase and maltase (Zimmermann and Scheel, 1977) were allele tested with mutant strains of Lobo and Maitra (1977) which had defects in one or several of the genes coding for glucokinase and the two unspecific hexokinases. It could be demonstrated, that the mutation abolishing carbon catabolite repression had occurred in a gene allelic to the structural gene of hexokinase PII. Moreover, the defective mutant allele for hexokinase PII isolated by Lobo and Maitra (1977) was also defective in carbon catabolite repression. Neither glucokinase nor hexokinase PI showed any effect on this regulatory system. Biochemical analysis in crude extracts also showed altered kinetic properties of hexokinases in the hex1 mutants. The results directly support the hypothesis previously put forward, that one of the hexokinases is not only active as a catalytic, but also as a regulatory protein.

Communicated by H. Böhme