Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 160–165

Endomycorrhizae in a newly cultivated acidic meadow: Effects of three years of barley cropping, tillage, lime, and phosphorus on root colonization and soil infectivity

Authors

  • Chantal Hamel
    • Natural Resource Sciences Department and Plant Science DepartmentMacdonald College
  • Yolande Dalpé
    • Centre for Land and Biological Resources ResearchAgriculture Canada
  • Claude Lapierre
    • Station de RecherchesAgriculture Canada
  • Régis R. Simard
    • Station de RecherchesAgriculture Canada
  • Donald L. Smith
    • Natural Resource Sciences Department and Plant Science DepartmentMacdonald College
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/BF00335928

Cite this article as:
Hamel, C., Dalpé, Y., Lapierre, C. et al. Biol Fertil Soils (1996) 21: 160. doi:10.1007/BF00335928

Abstract

The dynamics of mycorrhizae under disturbance created by crop production is not well understood. A 3-year experiment was undertaken on a nutrient-poor and acidic land that had last been cultivated in the early 1970s. We observed the effects of cropping spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) under four P-fertilizer levels and four levels of lime, in a minimum (rototillage), a reduced (chisel), or a conventional tillage system, on the mycorrhizal receptiveness of the host (maximum level of mycorrhizal colonization, as measured at harvest) and soil infectivity most probable number method. The host receptiveness decreased with time, while crop yields and soil infectivity increased simultaneously with time. Liming increased mycorrhizal colonization of barley roots and soil infectivity. P additions decreased root colonization but did not significantly affect the most probable number valuse. Slightly higher soil infectivity estimates were found under reduced tillage.

Key words

Hordeum vulgareAgricultural ecosystemAcidic soilSoil infectivityEndomycorrhizaeReduced tillageRhizosphere

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996