Oecologia

, Volume 108, Issue 3, pp 512–517

Landscape configuration and diversity hotspots in wintering sparrows

  • Bryan D. Watts
Community Ecology

DOI: 10.1007/BF00333728

Cite this article as:
Watts, B.D. Oecologia (1996) 108: 512. doi:10.1007/BF00333728

Abstract

Community-level studies with finches have traditionally viewed local resources as the primary constrainst on local diversity. Patches have been considered to be self-contained and embedded in landscapes that were neutral with respect to the ecological processes under investigation. This study uses a factorial design to examine the relative roles of patch content and patch context in determining patterns of species richness. Sparrows were surveyed in small fallow patches that varied in both weed cover and the type of adjacent habitat. Species richness and total sparrow abundance were significantly influenced by both factors. Individual species were also influnced by both factors; however, responses were species-specific. Because occupation of particular plot types was conditional on their association with specific habitat types, the spatial patterning of species assemblages results from the configuration of patch types within the landscape.

Key words

SparrowsLandscape ecologySpecies diversityPatchesGeorgia

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bryan D. Watts
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Institute of EcologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Center for Conservation BiologyCollege of William and MaryWilliamsburgUSA