The molecular organization of the lysostaphin gene and its sequences repeated in tandem
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- Heinrich, P., Rosenstein, R., Böhmer, M. et al. Mol Gen Genet (1987) 209: 563. doi:10.1007/BF00331163
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The gene encoding lysostaphin of Staphylococcus staphylolyticus was cloned in Escherichia coli and its DNA sequence was determined. The complete coding region comprises 1440 base pairs corresponding to a precursor of 480 amino acids (molecular weight 51669). It was shown by NH2-terminal amino acid sequence analysis of the purified extracellular lysostaphin from S. staphylolyticus that the mature lysostaphin consists of 246 amino acid residues (molecular weight 26926). Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed a similar molecular weight for the most active form. By computer analysis the secondary protein structure was predicted. It revealed three distinct regions in the precursor protein: a typical signal peptide (ca. 38 aa), a hydrophilic and highly ordered protein domain with 14 repetitive sequences (296 aa) and the hydrophobic mature lysostaphin. The lysostaphin precursor protein appears to be organized as a preprolysostaphin.
Key wordsLysostaphin gene Preprolysostaphin Repetitive sequences Secondary structure Staphylococcus staphylolyticus