Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische Anatomie

, Volume 111, Issue 4, pp 519–538

The hagfish retina: Fine structure of retinal cells in Myxine glutinosa, L., with special reference to receptor and epithelial cells

  • Raj Holmberg

DOI: 10.1007/BF00330929

Cite this article as:
Holmberg, R. Z. Zellforsch. (1970) 111: 519. doi:10.1007/BF00330929


The retina of the atlantic hagfish, Myxine glutinosa, displays at the ultrastructural level several structures which in the retina of higher vertebrates are criteria of function. Agranular vesicles, which strongly resemble synaptic vesicles, are found at the receptor base, either evenly distributed in the cytoplasm or aggregated near membrane densities. Moreover, the cytoplasm is rich in glycogen and mitochondria which indicate a metabolic activity.

The epithelial cells differ from pigment epithelial cells in higher vertebrates essentially in two respects. The basal surface does not display infoldings and there are no pigment granules.

Observations are also reported on the inner layers of the retina. Different types of cell bodies and processes are described as well as follicle-like structure.


RetinaMyxine glutinosaEpithelial cellsReceptor cellsUltrastructure

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raj Holmberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of StockholmSweden