Molecular and General Genetics MGG

, Volume 196, Issue 2, pp 332-338

Temperature sensitive allosuppressor mutants of the fission yeast S. pombe influence cell cycle control over mitosis

  • Paul NurseAffiliated withSchool of Biological Sciences, University of SussexDepartment of Zoology, University of Edinburgh
  • , Pierre ThuriauxAffiliated withInstitut für Allgemeine Mikrobiologie der Universität Bern

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A collection of Schizosaccharomyces pombe mutants has been obtained which restore activity to a nonsense suppressing tRNA sup3–5 whose suppressing function has been inactivated by second site mutations within the sup3–5 gene. These mutants were screened for those that were temperature sensitive in suppressing the opal nonsense allele ade6-704. Some of these map within or close to sup3 itself and others define two allosuppressor genes sal2 and sal3. The temperature sensitive mutants fail to efficiently suppress any other opal nonsense alleles although one mutant, sup3–5, r57, rr2, weakly does so at the low temperature. sal2 and sal3 mutants have a pleiotropic effect on the cell cycle causing a transient or complete blockage of mitosis. This blockage and the allosuppressor phenotypes are both eliminated by the presence of wee mutations in wee1 or cdc2. Mutants in sal2 are allelic with cdc25, a gene required for successful completion of mitosis. It is suggested that sal3 and cdc25 influence the mechanism that links the growth rate of the cell with the initiation of mitosis. Mutants in these genes may disturb tRNA biosynthesis or protein synthesis and this disruption may have an effect on both nonsense suppression and the growth rate control over mitosis.