, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 615-617

Characteristics of extracellular proteases produced by Bacillus laterosporus and Flavobacterium sp. isolated from gelatinfactory effluents

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Abstract

Forty bacterial isolates from the effluents of a gelatin factory (Jabalpur, India) were screened for protease activity and the two most potent producers were identified as Bacillus laterosporus and a Flavobacterium sp. The enzymes of both isolates were optimal at pH 8 and 60°C, with maximum activity after 90 min. The enzyme activity of B. laterosporus was suppressed by Fe2+, Mg2+, Mn2+ and Zn2+ ions but was enhanced by Ba2+ and Ca2+. That of Flavobacterium sp. was suppressed by Mg2+ and Mn2+ ions but enhanced by Ba2+, Ca2+ and Fe2+. The enzyme activity of the former was strongly inhibited by KCN, whereas that of the latter was only slightly inhibited by 8-hydroxyquinoline.