Chromosomal differentiation in two species of Aedes and their hybrids revealed by giemsa C-banding
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- Motara, M.A. & Rai, K.S. Chromosoma (1977) 64: 125. doi:10.1007/BF00327052
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Giemsa C-banding patterns in two species of mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti and Aedes mascarensis, their hybrids and backcross progeny revealed differences in the sex chromosome pair. In A. aegypti, the female determining or the m chromosome in both males and females shows a conspicuous band in the centromere region and another band in one arm. The male determining or the M chromosome is devoid of any bands. Progeny of crosses involving A. aegypti females and A. mascarensis males showed interesting albeit unexpected results. The intercalary band was suppressed in both sons and daughters. When such F1 sons were backcrossed to A. aegypti females, a proportion of males developed into intersexes. These intersex progeny differed from the normal males in terms of their banding pattern. In the reciprocal cross (A. mascarensis female × A. aegypti male), the F1 and the backcross progeny yielded the expected C-banding patterns. The implications of the reversible expression of the intercalary band on the A. aegypti m chromosome and its relevance to genetic regulation are discussed.