, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 148-168

A comparative study of the chromosomes of birds

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Abstract

Karyotype analysis and morphometric measurement of the chromosomes of eleven species of Indian birds are described. The unequivocal identification of W chromosome in the females of five species of the present investigation further strengthens the generalisation that, at least in Carinatae, the sex chromosome constitutions are of ZZ and ZW types in males and females respectively. — The chromosomes of different species of birds so far worked out in each order have been compared using quantitative methods and tentative conclusions have been drawn regarding chromosomal affinities between species of different taxonomic categories.