Mitochondrial (mt) DNA of the asexual ascomycetous yeast Arxula adeninivorans LS3 was isolated and characterized. The mtDNA has a GC content of 30.3 mol%. It is circular and its size, as estimated by restriction analysis performed with nine endonucleases, was 35.5 kbp. Using mt gene-probes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae six structural genes (cob, cox1, cox2, oli1, oli2, and 21S rRNA) were located on the mitochondrial genome of A. adeninivorans. The comparison between the mt genomes of A. adeninivorans and other yeasts showed differences in genome organization.