, Volume 97, Issue 4, pp 541–546

Cost assessment of the production of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in ragwort (Senecio jacobaea L.)

  • K. Vrieling
  • C. A. M. van Wijk
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/BF00325894

Cite this article as:
Vrieling, K. & van Wijk, C.A.M. Oecologia (1994) 97: 541. doi:10.1007/BF00325894


Costs of pyrrolizidine alkaloid (Pa) production in vegetative ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) were examined under conditions in which plant growth was limited by light, nitrogen and phosphorus. Measurable costs of Pa production were demonstrated under light-limiting conditions. Plants with higher Pa concentrations grew more slowly than those with lower Pa concentration. Under nitrogen- and phosphorus-limited conditions no trade-off between Pa production and growth was observed.

Key words

Senecio jacobaeaPyrrolizidine alkaloidsCost of secondary metabolitesChemical defenceHydroculture

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Vrieling
    • 1
  • C. A. M. van Wijk
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Evolutionary and Ecological SciencesUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands