, Volume 83, Issue 1, pp 62-67

Variation in reproductive success and gonadal allocation in the simultaneous hermaphrodite, Serranus fasciatus

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Summary

This paper examines the correlates of individual size, reproductive success, gonadal allocation, and growth in a hermaphroditic reef fish. Individuals in S. fasciatus mature as simultaneous hermaphrodites; large individuals subsequently lose female function and become functional males. Daily female reproductive success was highly correlated with both hermaphrodite size and amount of female gonadal tissue. Three separate comparisons gave a positive correlation between male reproductive success and male gonadal allocation: (1) Males had higher levels of male gonadal allocation and male reproductive success than hermaphrodites. (2) The percent of gonad allocated to male tissue in hermaphrodites was higher in the year they had higher male mating success. (3) Male gonadal tissue of hermaphrodites was positively correlated with male reproductive success in the year that male reproductive success by hermaphrodites was higher and more variable. There was no evidence for a trade-off between male function, female function, and growth among hermaphrodites. Many of these patterns have also been observed in plants, but the selective pressures leading to these patterns in S. fasciatus and plants are probably quite different.