, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 255-279

First online:

The maps of the lampbrush chromosomes of Triturus (Amphibia urodela)

IV. Triturus vulgaris meridionalis
  • Giuseppina BarsacchiAffiliated withIstituto di Zoologia e Anatomia Comparata, Università di Pisa
  • , Luciana BussottiAffiliated withIstituto di Zoologia e Anatomia Comparata, Università di Pisa
  • , Giorgio MancinoAffiliated withIstituto di Zoologia e Anatomia Comparata, Università di Pisa

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The lampbrush chromosomes of Triturus vulgaris meridionalis were isolated from the germinal vesicle of medium and large-sized oocytes and studied with phase-contrast microscope. The maps were constructed on the basis of the lengths and major morphological features of the chromosomes. The length of each map is equal to the mean of the relative lengths of the corresponding chromosome from different oocytes (the relative length of each chromosome is represented by the ratio between its absolute length and that of chromosome XII from the same complement, conventionally considered as 100 units long). The maps arranged in decreasing length order, were oriented according to the most frequent position of chiasmata, as centromeres were not always evident. — Chromosomes VI and XI bear a sphere in subterminal position. Landmarks typical for T. vulgaris meridionalis are the loops inserted on chromosomes VIII (47 units), X (23 units), XI (34 units) and XII (34 units) frequently presenting themselves under the form of double loop bridges of considerable extension. On chromosomes I (4 units), VI (13 units), X (4 units) and XI (36 units) giant bodies were found that are sometimes comparable to dense-matrix loops. Chromosome XI includes a nucleolus-organizing region, sometimes identifiable by the presence of an inserted nucleolus. Normal and granular loops (much extended at times), axial granules, globules, and loopless bars supplement the morphology of the lampbrush chromosomes of this species.