, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 493-495

Gene PSO5 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, involved in repair of oxidative DNA damage, is allelic to RAD16

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The pos5-1 mutation renders Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells sensitive to DNA-damaging agents. We have isolated plasmids from a S. cerevisiae genomic library capable of restoring wild-type levels of 254-nm ultraviolet light sensitivity of the pso5-1 mutant. DNA sequence analysis revealed that the complementing activity resides in RAD16, a gene involved in excision repair. Tetrad analysis showed that PSO5, like RAD16, is tightly linked to LYS2 on chromosome II. Moreover, allelism between the pso5-1 and rad16 mutants was demonstrated by the comparison of mutagen sensitivity phenotypes, complementation tests, and by meiotic analysis. The cloned RAD16 gene was capable of restoring wild-type resistance of the pso5-1 mutant to H2O2 and photoactivated 3-carbethoxypsoralen, both treatments generating oxidative stress-related DNA damage. This indicates that RAD16/PSO5 might also participate in the repair of oxidative base damage.