Original Articles

Surgery Today

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 421-425

First online:

The prognosis of patients with gastric cancer possessing sex hormone receptors

  • Michinori MatsuiAffiliated withThe First Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
  • , Osamu KojimaAffiliated withThe First Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
  • , Sadao KawakamiAffiliated withThe First Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
  • , Yasuo UeharaAffiliated withThe First Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
  • , Toshio TakahashiAffiliated withThe First Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine

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Abstract

Estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR) were immunohistologically investigated in 107 patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative resection. Both ER and PgR were detected only in the cancer cell nucleus. The ER positive rate was 27.7% for males and 31.0% for females, while the PgR positive rate was 9.2% for males and 11.9% for females. Clinicopathologically, the ER positive rate was slightly higher in young females and in cases of poorly differentiated gastric cancer. When cumulative survival rates were analyzed in relation to the presence or absence of receptors, the 10-year cumulative survival rate after surgery was significantly lower in the ER positive cases, being 15.7% cent, than in the ER negative cases, being 62.7%, and also significantly lower in the PgR positive cases, being 18.2%, than in the PgR negative cases, being 48.3%. The coexistence of ER and PgR in gastric cancer tissue suggests that the ER is physiologically active, or that ER positive gastric cancer is hormone-dependent. The poor prognosis of patients with receptor positive gastric cancer suggests that gastric cancer with these receptors is highly malignant.

Key Words

estrogen receptor progesterone receptor gastric cancer