The genotype of bone marrow-derived inflammatory cells does not account for differences in skeletal muscle regeneration between SJL/J and BALB/c mice
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- Mitchell, C.A., Grounds, M.D. & Papadimitriou, J.M. Cell Tissue Res (1995) 280: 407. doi:10.1007/BF00307814
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This study determined whether the genotype of bone marrow-derived inflammatory cells contributes to the more pronounced leukocytic exudation and extensive new muscle formation seen in SJL/J compared with BALB/c mice after a crush-injury (Mitchell et al. 1992). Female SJL/J mice were whole-body irradiated and reconstituted with male bone marrow from the BALB/c strain, and irradiated BALB/c females reconstituted with male SJL/J bone marrow. The mice were allowed to recover for 3 weeks and the tibialis anterior muscle (in a leg which had been protected from irradiation) was injured by crushing. At 3 and 10 days after injury the extent of necrotic debris, mononuclear leukocytic infiltration and new muscle formation was assessed in the muscles. The SJL/J mice reconstituted with BALB/c bone marrow showed extensive mononuclear leukocytic infiltration and clearance of necrotic debris when compared with BALB/c mice reconstituted with SJL/J bone marrow, and these strain-specific differences mirrored those seen with control bone marrow reconstituted hosts and non-irradiated hosts. The results show that the genotype of the bone marrow-derived macrophages is not responsible for the superior regeneration of crush-injured skeletal muscle in SJL/J mice, and it appears that factors intrinsic to the muscle tissue may be of central importance.