Interleukin-6 in synovial fluid is closely associated with chronic synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis
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- Sack, U., Kinne, R.W., Marx, T. et al. Rheumatol Int (1993) 13: 45. doi:10.1007/BF00307733
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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) was detected at low levels in plasma [0.014±0.006 ng/ml (mean ± SEM] and in high amounts in synovial fluid [SF; 2.6±2.2 ng/ml (mean ± SEM)] of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. No correlation of IL-6 levels in plasma or SF with the ESR (n=15) or with histological parameters of acute local synovitis (n=10) was observed. In contrast, SF IL-6 was positively correlated with histological characteristics of chronic synovitis (n=10; P≤0.01) and elevated plasma IgG concentrations (n=15; P≤0.05). In vitro concentrations of IL-6 comparable to those detected in SF increased the production of both IgG and IgM by synovial membrane mononuclear cells. The present results contribute to the view that high local IL-6 concentrations in SF promote chronic synovitis in RA.