, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 1-9

Diploid-tetraploid relationship among old-world members of the fish family Cyprinidae

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Abstract

Evidence suggesting that the goldfish and the carp of the family Cyprinidae are tetraploid species in relation to other members of the same family were presented. The two barb species, Barbus tetrazona and Barbus jasciatus, were chosen as representatives of diploid members of the family Cyprinidae. These barbs had the diploid chromosome number of 50 and 52 and the DNA value 20–22% that of placental mammals, while the goldfish (Carassius auratus) and the carp (Cyprinus carpio) had the diploid chromosome number of about 104 and the DNA value 50–52% that of placental mammals.

Supported in part by a grant (CA-05138) from the National Cancer Institute, U.S.Public Health Service, and in part by a research fund established in honor of General James H. Doolittle at Duarte, and by the British Empire Cancer Campaign for Research at Northwood. Contribution No. 11-67, Department of Biology, City of Hope Medical Center. Dr. Junichi Muramoto is a fellow of the Institute for Advanced Learning of the City of Hope Medical Center.