, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp 225–240

Autosomal synaptonemal complexes and sex chromosomes without axes in Triatoma infestans (Reduviidae; Hemiptera)


  • Alberto J. Solari
    • Facultad de MedicinaCentro de Investigacions en Reproduccion

DOI: 10.1007/BF00293236

Cite this article as:
Solari, A.J. Chromosoma (1979) 72: 225. doi:10.1007/BF00293236


Meiotic and somatic cells at interphase in Triatoma infestans are characterized by the formation of a large chromocenter, which was assumed to contain the whole of the three large pairs of autosomes and the sex chromosomes. Observations with C-banding techniques show that the chromocenter is formed only by the terminal and subterminal heterochromatic blocks of the three large pairs of autosomes and the sex chromosomes. During pachytene the two largest autosomal pairs loop on themselves and their condensed ends form the chromocenter, together with the single heterochromatic end of the third autosomal pair. The X and Y chromosomes seem to associate with these condensed ends by their affinity for C-heterochromatin. During a very short pachytene stage, bivalents and synaptonemal complexes (SCs) are observed. Pachytene is followed by a very long diffuse stage, during which SCs are disassembled, multiple complexes aggregate on the inner face of the chromocenter and finally all complexes disappear and a dense material is extruded to the cytoplasm through the annuli. The 3-dimensional reconstruction of early pachytene chromocenters show 3 SCs entering and tunnelling the chromocenter, while during mid-pachytene 4 SCs enter this mass and a 5th SC is in a separate small mass. The looping of a whole SC which has both ends in the chromocenter was shown by the reconstructions. These data are interpreted as the progressive looping of the two largest bivalents during pachytene, forming finally the association of 5 bivalent ends corresponding to the 5 C-banding blocks of the large autosomal pairs. No single axis or SC that could be ascribed to the sex chromosomes was found. This agrees with the pachytene microspreads, which show only 10 SCs corresponding to the autosomal bivalents. The X and Y chromosomes are enclosed in the chromocenter, as shown by the unravelling chromocenters at diplotene-diakinesis. Thus the sex chromosomes do not form axial condensations, and this fact may be related to the ability of the X and Y chromosomes to divide equationally at metaphase I. SCs

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© Springer-Verlag 1979