Short Communication

Molecular and General Genetics MGG

, Volume 246, Issue 1, pp 128-131

First online:

Twintrons are not unique to the Euglena chloroplast genome: structure and evolution of a plastome cpn60 gene from a cryptomonad

  • Uwe-G. MaierAffiliated withCell Biology, Institute of Biology II
  • , Stefan A. RensingAffiliated withCell Biology, Institute of Biology II
  • , Gabor L. IgloiAffiliated withInstitute of Biology III
  • , Martina MaerzAffiliated withCell Biology, Institute of Biology II

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Introns within introns (twintrons) are known only from the Euglena chloroplast genome. Twintrons are group II or III introns, into which another group II or III intron has been transposed. In this paper we describe a non-Euglena twintron structure within a plastid-encoded chaperone gene (cpn60) of the cryptomonad alga Pyrenomonas salina. In addition, the evolutionary relationships between members of the Cpn60 protein family are determined. Our findings permit the inclusion of cryptomonad plastomes in phylogenetic studies of intron evolution and present further evidence for the origin of modern plastids from a cyanobacterial ancestor.

Key words

Cryptomonads Intron Twintron Cpn60