Sex Roles

, Volume 21, Issue 11, pp 825–839

Gender differences in the upward mobility of black managers: Double whammy or double advantage?

  • Stella M. Nkomo
  • Taylor CoxJr.

DOI: 10.1007/BF00289811

Cite this article as:
Nkomo, S.M. & Cox, T. Sex Roles (1989) 21: 825. doi:10.1007/BF00289811


This study draws upon the theory and research on intraorganizational mobility to examine gender differences in the upward mobility of black managers. Results suggest that neither the “double whammy” assumptions nor the “double advantage” assumptions are accurate descriptions of the contemporary experience of black female managers in corporate America. Upward mobility rates were nearly identical for both gender groups. Other findings and the implications of the results for future research are discussed.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stella M. Nkomo
    • 1
  • Taylor CoxJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.University of North Carolina at CharlotteUSA
  2. 2.University of MichiganUSA