Self-stereotyping, sex role ideology, and menstrual attitudes: A social identity approach
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Two studies were conducted to explore the effects of self-stereotyping (SS) and sex role ideology (SRI) on Australian women's menstrual attitudes. In Study 1 a sample of undergraduate women at a small regional college showed significant menstrual attitude differences when grouped according to Traditional, Moderate, and Feminist SRI. In Study 2 the SRI effect was replicated in a more ethnically diverse sample of undergraduate women at a large metropolitan university. Women's own attitudes were separated from their stereotyped beliefs about most women and further analyses were conducted within the framework of social identity theory to explore the role self-stereotyping. The hypothesis that the difference between women's own menstrual attitudes and their ratings of most women's attitudes would vary as a function of degree of SS and perceived Prototype was supported. Further research is needed to clarify the SS bias.
- Abrams, D., & Hogg, M. A. (1990). Social identification, self-categorization and social influence. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European review of social psychology- Chichester: Wiley.
- Antill, J. K., Cunningham, J. D., Russell, G., & Thompson, N. L. (1981). An Australian sex-role scale. Australian Journal of Psychology, 33, 169–183.
- Ashmore, R. D. (1981). Sex stereotypes and implicit personality theory. In D. Hamilton (Ed.), Cognitive processes in stereotyping and intergroup behavior. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Aubouchon, P. G., & Calhoun, K. S. (1985). Menstrual cycle symptomatology: The role of social expectancy and experimental demand characteristics. Psychosomatic Medicine, 47, 35–45.
- Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 155–162.
- Brooks, J., Ruble, D., & Clarke, A. (1977). College women's attitudes and expectations concerning menstrual related changes. Psychosomatic Medicine, 39, 288–298.
- Brooks-Gunn, J., & Ruble, D. N. (1980). The Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire. Psychosomatic Medicine, 42, 503–512.
- Chernovetz, M. E., Jones, W. H., & Hannson, R. O. (1979). Predictability, attentional focus, sex-role orientation, and menstrual related distress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41, 383–391.
- Chrisler, J. C. (1988). Age, gender-role orientation, and attitudes toward menstruation. Psychological Reports, 63, 827–834.
- Clifton, A. K, McGrath, D., & Wick, B. (1976). Stereotypes of women: a single category? Sex Roles, 2, 135–148.
- Good, P. R., & Smith, B. B. (1980). Menstrual distress and sex-role attributes. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 4, 482–491.
- Haslam, A. (1991). Intergroup relations and frame of reference as determinants of stereotype content. Paper presented at 20th Annual Meeting of Australian Social Psychologists, Ballarat, Australia.
- Hogg, M. A., & Abrams, D. (1988). Social identifications. London: Routledge.
- Hogg, M. A., & Hardie, E. A. (1991). Social attraction, personal attraction, and self-categorization: A field study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 175–180.
- Hogg, M. A., & Hardie, E. A. (1992). Prototypicality, conformity, and depersonalized attraction: A self-categorization analysis of group cohesiveness. British Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 41–56.
- Hogg, M. A., & Turner, J. C. (1987). Intergroup behavior, self-stereotyping and the salience of social categories. British Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 325–340.
- Hogg, M. A., Turner, J. C., & Davidson, B. (1990). Polarized norms and social frames of reference: A test of self-categorization theory of group polarization. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 11, 77–100.
- Hong, S. M., & Hardie, E. A. (1988). The factor structure of the Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire in an Australian context. Paper presented at 14th International Congress of Psychology, Sydney, Australia.
- Kalin, R., & Tilby, P. J. (1978). Development and validation of a sex-role ideology scale. Psychological Reports, 42, 731–738.
- Kerstner, P. L. (1986). Career traditionality, gender-role orientation, and life stress contributions to professional women's premenstrual symptomatology. Dissertation Abstracts International, 47, 11A. (University Microfilms International No. 87-04, 515).
- Olasov, B., & Jackson, J. (1987). Effects of expectancies on women's reports of moods during the menstrual cycle. Psychosomatic Medicine, 49, 65–78.
- Parlee, M. B. (1974). Stereotypic beliefs about menstruation: A methodological note on the Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire and some new data. Psychosomatic Medicine, 36, 229–240.
- Ruble, D. N. (1977). Premenstrual symptoms: A reinterpretation. Science, 197, 291–292.
- Sharpe, K. A. (1986). Sex-role orientation and menstrual attitudes as risk factors in premenstrual syndrome. Dissertation Abstracts International, 47, 07B. (University Microfilms International No. 86-15, 766).
- Tajfel, H. (1982). Social psychology of intergroup relations. Annual Review of Psychology, 33, 1–39.
- Wetherell, M. S. (1987). Social identity and group polarization. In J. C. Turner, M. A. Hogg, P. J. Oakes, S. D. Reicher & M. S. Wetherell (Eds.), Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Self-stereotyping, sex role ideology, and menstrual attitudes: A social identity approach
Volume 27, Issue 1-2 , pp 17-37
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors