Sex Roles

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 625–643

Adolescents' attitudes toward family and gender roles: An international comparison


  • Judith L. Gibbons
    • Department of PsychologySaint Louis University
  • Deborah A. Stiles
    • Webster University
  • Gina M. Shkodriani
    • Department of PsychologySaint Louis University

DOI: 10.1007/BF00289568

Cite this article as:
Gibbons, J.L., Stiles, D.A. & Shkodriani, G.M. Sex Roles (1991) 25: 625. doi:10.1007/BF00289568


Adolescents' attitudes toward gender and familial roles were examined using the Attitudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents [N. L. Galambos, A. C. Petersen, M. Richards, & I. B. Gitelson (1985) “The Attitudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents (AWSA): A Study of Reliability and Validity,” Sex Roles, Vol. 5/6, pp. 343–356] and the Historic-Sociocultural Premises scale [R. Díaz-Guerrero (1975) Psychology of the Mexican: Culture and Personality, Austin: University of Texas Press]. Participants were 265 international students (11 to 17 years of age) from 46 different countries attending schools in the Netherlands. The countries of origin were grouped into two categories of cultural values based on G. Hofstede [(1983) “Dimensions of National Cultures in Fifty Countries and Three Regions,” in J. B. Deregowski, S. Dziursawiec, & R. C. Annis (Eds.), Expiscations in Cross-Cultural Psychology, Lisse Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger]: Wealthier, more individualistic countries comprised Group 1 and less wealthy, more collectivist countries Group 2. Girls responded less traditionally than did boys on both scales. Students from Group 2 countries had more traditional attitudes than did students from Group 1 countries.

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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991