, Volume 159, Issue 5, pp 410-416

Anaerobic expression of nitric oxide reductase from denitrifying Pseudomonas stutzeri

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Abstract

NO reductase synthesis was investigated immunochemically and by activity assays in cells of Pseudomonas stutzeri ZoBell grown in continuous culture at discrete aeration levels, or in O2-limited batch cultures supplemented with N oxides as respiratory substrate. Under aerobic conditions, NO reductase was not expressed in P. stutzeri. Oxygen limitation in combination with the presence of nitrate or nitrite derepressed NO reductase synthesis. On transition from aerobic to anaerobic conditions in continuous culture, NO reductase was synthesized below 3% air saturation and reached maximum expression under anaerobic conditions. By use of mutant strains defective in nitrate respiration or nitrite respiration, the inducing effect of individual N oxides on NO reductase synthesis could be discriminated. Nitrite caused definite, concentration-dependent induction, while nitrate promoted moderate enzyme synthesis or amplified effects of nitrite. Exogenous nitric oxide (NO) in concentrations ≦25 μM induced trace amounts of NO reductase; in higher concentrations it arrested cell growth. Nitrite reductase or NO reductase were not detected immunochemically under these conditions. NO generated as an intermediate appeared not to induce NO reductase significantly. Antiserum raised against the P. stutzeri NO reductase showed crossreaction with cell extracts from P. stutzeri JM300, but not with several other denitrifying pseudomonads or Paracoccus denitrificans.