Hispanics in Ivy: Assessing identity and perceived threat
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Membership in social groups is an important aspect of the self-concept, as a number of theorists such as Tajfel (1981) have recognized, and ethnic identity is a major exemplar of such groupings. In the present research, we focus on the particular case of Hispanic identity and the degree to which that identity may be threatened for first-year Hispanic students who enter a predominantly Anglo university. Forty-five Hispanic students (17 female, 28 male) at two Ivy League universities were interviewed early in their first year to assess Hispanic identity, collective self-esteem (Luhtanen & Crocker, 1988), and perceived threats to Hispanic identity. In addition, we considered the degree to which strength of cultural background relates to self-esteem and to perceptions of threat. The majority of students claimed Hispanic as an important identity. Strength of cultural background generally acted as a buffer to perceived threat, particularly for men. Cultural background was also related to collective self-esteem for men but not for women, even though Hispanic identity was more important for women than men. The results attest to the importance of both gender and ethnicity to self-definition and self-esteem, as well as to the complexity of the relationships among these variables.
- Breakwell, G. (1986). Coping with threatened identities. London: Methuen.
- Comas-Diaz, L. (1987). Feminist therapy with mainland Puerto Rican women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 11, 461–474.
- Crocker, J., & Major, B. (1989). Social stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma. Psychological Review, 96, 608–630.
- DeVos, G. A. (1980). Ethnic adaptation and minority status. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 11, 101–124.
- Erikson, E. H. (1959). Identity and the life cycle: Selected papers. New York: Norton.
- Gleason, P. (1983). Identifying identity: A semantic history. The Journal of American History, 69, 910–931.
- Hormuth, S. E. (in press). The self-concept and change: An ecological approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Luhtanen, R., & Crocker, J. (1988). Collective self-esteem scale: Self-evaluation of one's social identity. Unpublished manuscript, State University of New York at Buffalo.
- McCall, G. J., & Simmons, J. L. (1978). Identities and interactions. (Rev. ed.). New York: Free Press.
- Munoz, D. G. (1986). Identifying areas of stress for Chicano undergraduates. In M. A. Olivas (ed.), Latino College Students (pp. 131–156). New York: Teachers College Press.
- Rosenberg, S., & Gara, M. A. (1985). The multiplicity of personal identity. In P. Shaver (ed.), Review of personality and social psychology. Beverly Hills: Sage.
- Stryker, S., & Serpe, R. T. (1982). Commitment, identity salience, and role behavior: Theory and research examples. In W. Ickes & E. S. Knowles (Eds.), Personality, roles, and social behavior. New York: Springer-Verlag.
- Tajfel, H. (1981). Human groups and social categories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Turner, J. C. (1987). Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
- Vazquez-Nuttall, E., Romero-Garcia, I., & De Leon, B. (1987). Sex roles and perceptions of femininity and masculinity of Hispanic women: A review of the literature. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 11, 409–426.
- Hispanics in Ivy: Assessing identity and perceived threat
Volume 22, Issue 7-8 , pp 427-440
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors