Sex Roles

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 103–110

The relationship between sex role stereotypes and requisite management characteristics among college students


  • Virginia E. Schein
    • Gettysburg College
  • Ruediger Mueller
    • Gettysburg College
  • Carolyn Jacobson
    • Gettysburg College

DOI: 10.1007/BF00288030

Cite this article as:
Schein, V.E., Mueller, R. & Jacobson, C. Sex Roles (1989) 20: 103. doi:10.1007/BF00288030


The relationship between sex role stereotypes and characteristics perceived as necessary for management success was examined among male and female undergraduate management students and compared with results of managers today as well as with those of managers studied 15 years ago. Male management students, similar to their managerial counterparts in the 1980s and 1970s, still adhere to the male managerial stereotype and perceive that successful middle managers possess characteristics, attitudes, and temperaments more commonly ascribed to men in general than to women in general. Female management students, similar to today's female managers, no longer sex type the managerial job, a change from the female managers of the 1970s. Implications of these outcomes for undergraduate management education are discussed.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989