Sex Roles

, Volume 12, Issue 11, pp 1199-1209

First online:

The compatibility of hunting and mothering among the agta hunter-gatherers of the Philippines

  • Madeleine J. GoodmanAffiliated withUniversity of HawaiiWomen's Studies Program, University of HawaiiDepartment of General Science, University of Hawaii
  • , P. Bion GriffinAffiliated withUniversity of HawaiiDepartment of Anthropology, University of Hawaii
  • , Agnes A. Estioko-GriffinAffiliated withDepartment of Anthropology, University of the Philippines
  • , John S. GroveAffiliated withPacific Health Research Institute

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Women's hunting is widely held biologically impracticable in foraging societies, chiefly because hunting is presumed incompatible with maternal responsibilities. A three-year study of hunting practices among the Agta Negrito people of northern Luzon reveals women's active participation in hunting, singly and in groups, without detriment to normal fertility and child care.