Characterization of a chromosomally encoded, non-PTS metabolic pathway for sucrose utilization in Escherichia coli EC3132
- Cite this article as:
- Bockmann, J., Heuel, H. & Lengeler, J.W. Molec. Gen. Genet. (1992) 235: 22. doi:10.1007/BF00286177
A wild-type isolate, EC3132, of Escherichia coli, that is able to grow on sucrose was isolated and its csc genes (mnemonic for chromosomally coded sucrose genes) transferred to strains of E. coli K12. EC3132 and all sucrose-positive exconjugants and transductants invariably showed a D-serine deaminase (Dsd)-negative phenotype. The csc locus maps adjacent to dsdA, the structural gene for the D-serine deaminase, and contains an inducible regulon, controlled by a sucrose-specific repressor CscR, together with structural genes for a sucrose hydrolase (invertase) CscA, for a d-fructokinase CscK, and for a transport system CscB. Based on DNA sequencing studies, this last codes for a hydrophobic protein of 415 amino acids. CscB is closely related to the β-galactoside transport system LacY (31.2% identical residues) and a raffinose transport system RafB (32,3% identical residues) of the enteric bacteria, both of the proton symport type. A two-dimensional model common to the three transport proteins, which is based on the integrated consensus sequence, will be discussed.