SCM2, a tryptophan permease in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is important for cell growth
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- Chen, X.H., Xiao, Z. & Fitzgerald-Hayes, M. Molec. Gen. Genet. (1994) 244: 260. doi:10.1007/BF00285453
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SCM2, a novel gene encoding a yeast tryptophan permease, was cloned as a high-copy-number suppressor of cse2-1. The cse2-1 mutation causes cold sensitivity, temperature sensitivity and chromosome missegregation. However, only the cold-sensitive phenotype of cse2-1 cells is suppressed by SCM2 at high copy. SCM2 is located on the left arm of yeast chromosome XV, adjacent to SUP3 and encodes a 65 kDa protein that is highly homologous to known amino acid permeases. Four out of five disrupted scm2 alleles (scm2Δ1-Δ4) cause slow growth, whereas one disrupted allele (scm2Δ5) is lethal. Cells with both the scm2Δ1 and trp1-Δ101 mutations exhibit a synthetic cold-sensitive phenotype and grow much more slowly at the permissive temperature than cells with a single scm2Δ1 or trp1-Δ101 mutation. A region of the predicted SCM2 protein is identical to the partial sequence recently reported for the yeast tryptophan permease TAP2, indicating that SCM2 and TAP2 probably encode the same protein.