Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 231–237

Crystallinity of cellulose, as determined by CP/MAS NMR and XRD methods


  • R. Teeäär
    • Department of Wood and Polymer ChemistryUniversity of Helsinki
  • R. Serimaa
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Helsinki
  • T. Paakkarl
    • Department of PhysicsUniversity of Helsinki

DOI: 10.1007/BF00285355

Cite this article as:
Teeäär, R., Serimaa, R. & Paakkarl, T. Polymer Bulletin (1987) 17: 231. doi:10.1007/BF00285355


The crystallinity of six cellulose samples with different origin and treatment was determined using x-ray diffraction (XDR) and nuclear magnetic resonance with cross polarization and magic angle sample spinning (CP/MAS NMR) methods. The numerical results for crystallinity obtained by using curve fitting methods in both cases correlated very well. It was concluded that the values for the crystallinity can be determined from NMR spectra when CP times not exceeding 0.5 ms are used. The range of order of the samples was further characterized calculating the radial atomic density function from the x-ray diffraction patterns and determining the greatest distances with significant deviations from the average density.

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© Springer-Verlag 1987