, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 617-625

Persistence, extinction, and critical patch number for island populations

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Abstract

Sufficient conditions are derived for persistence and extinction of a population inhabiting several islands. Discrete reaction-diffusion population models are analyzed which describe growth and diffusion of a population on a group of islands or a patch environment. A critical patch number is defined as the number of islands below which the population goes extinct on that group of islands. It is shown that population persistence on one island leads to population persistence for the entire archipelago. Both single-species and multi-species models are discussed.