Putative D genome donors for Aegilops cylindrica (2n = 28, CCDD) and Triticum aestivum (2n = 42, AABBDD) were studied with the isoelectric focusing patterns of esterase isozymes. 103 strains of Ae. cylindrica were uniform in their isozyme pattern. 30 strains of the putative parent, Ae. caudata, showed no zymogram variation, whereas the other parent, Ae. squarrosa, comprised 3 phenotypes. Natural Ae. cylindrica had an isozyme pattern which corresponded to a mixture of esterases from Ae. caudata and type 3 Ae. squarrosa. Therefore, it is concluded that the D genome donor of Ae. cylindrica is derived from type 3 Ae. squarrosa. These results suggest that Ae. cylindrica originated with a single amphiploidy event, and the C and D genomes have remained remarkably constant regarding esterase isozyme composition.
On the other hand, T. aestivum comprised three zymogram phenotypes. These phenotypes contain bands which can be ascribed to the D genome of type 2 Ae. squarrosa. These results suggest that the D genome of Ae. cylindrica differs from that of T. aestivum. Evolution of the AB and D genomes of T. aestivum is indicated by the zymogram polymorphism. The origin of Ae. cylindrica is possibly more recent than that of T. aestivum.
D genome donorAe. cylindricaT. aestivumEsterasePolymorphism