Molecular and General Genetics MGG

, Volume 163, Issue 2, pp 153-167

First online:

S-adenosyl methionine requiring mutants in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Evidences for the existence of two methionine adenosyl transferases

  • Hélène CherestAffiliated withLaboratoire d'Enzymologie du C.N.R.S.
  • , Yolande Surdin-KerjanAffiliated withLaboratoire d'Enzymologie du C.N.R.S.
  • , Françoise ExingerAffiliated withLaboratoire de Génétique Physiologique, IBMC du C.N.R.S.
  • , François LacrouteAffiliated withLaboratoire de Génétique Physiologique, IBMC du C.N.R.S.

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Mutants requiring S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) for growth have been selected in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Two classes of mutants have been found. One class corresponds to the simultaneous occurrence of mutations at two unlinked loci SAM1 and SAM2 and presents a strict SAM requirement for growth on any medium. The second class corresponds to special single mutations in the gene SAM2 which lead to a residual growth on minimal medium but to normal growth on SAM supplemented medium or on a complex medium like YPGA not containing any SAM. These genetic data can be taken as an indication that Saccharomyces cerevisiae possesses two isoenzymatic methionine adenosyl transferases (MAT). In addition, SAM1 and SAM2 loci have been identified respectively with the ETH-10 and ETH2 loci previously described.

Biochemical evidences corroborate the genetic results. Two MAT activities can be dissociated in a wild type extract (MATI and MATII) by DEAE cellulose chromatography. Mutations at the SAM1 locus lead to the absence or to the modification of MATII whereas mutations at the SAM2 locus lead to the absence or to the modification of MATI. Moreover, some of our results seem to show that MATI and MATII are associated in vivo.