, Volume 154, Issue 1, pp 75-82

Mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae resistant to carbon catabolite repression

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Summary

Mutants with defective carbon catabolite repression have been isolated in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae using a selective procedure. This was based on the fact that invertase is a glucose repressible cell wall enzyme which slowly hydrolyses raffinose to yield fructose and that the inhibitory effects of 2-deoxyglucose can be counteracted by fructose. Repressed cells were plated on a raffinose-2-deoxyglucose medium and the resistant cells growing up into colonies were tested for glucose non-repressible invertase and maltase. The yield of regulatory mutants was very high. All were equally derepressed for invertase and maltase, no mutants were obtained with only non-repressible invertase synthesis which was the selected function. A total of 61 mutants isolated in different strains were allele tested and could be attributed to three genes. They were all recessive. Mutants in one gene had reduced hexokinase activities, the other class, located in a centromere linked gene, had elevated hexokinase levels and was inhibited by maltose. Mutants in a third gene were isolated on a 2-deoxyglucose galactose medium and had normal hexokinase levels. A partial derepression was observed for malate dehydrogenase in all mutants. Isocitrate lyase, however, was still fully repressible.

Communicated by H. Böhme