Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 5, Issue 6, pp 372-380

Measurements of temperature, density, pressure, and their fluctuations in supersonic turbulence using laser-induced fluorescence

  • K. P. GrossAffiliated withPolyatomics Research Institute
  • , R. L. McKenzieAffiliated withAmes Research Center
  • , P. LoganAffiliated withDept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University

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A laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method has been developed that provides simultaneous measurements of temperature, density, and their fluctuations owing to turbulence in unheated compressible flows. Pressure and its fluctuations are also deduced using the equation of state. Fluorescence is induced in nitric oxide that has been seeded into a nitrogen flow in concentrations of 100 ppm. Measurements are obtained from each laser pulse, with a spatial resolution of 1 mm and a temporal resolution of 125 ns. The method was applied to a supersonic, turbulent, boundary-layer flow with a free-stream Mach number of 2. For stream conditions in the range from 150–300 K and 0.3–1 atm, temperature is measured with an uncertainty of approximately 1% rms, while density and pressure uncertainties are approximately 2% rms.