, Volume 156, Issue 4, pp 312-318

Cell wall and sheath constituents of the cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus

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Abstract

Sheaths isolated from Gloeobacter violaceus were found to be composed of a major polysaccharide moiety (glucose, galactose, rhamnose, mannose, arabinose), a protein moiety, and negatively charged components (glucuronic acids, phosphate, sulfate). Outer membrane polypeptide patterns were dominated by two major peptidoglycan-associated proteins (Mr 62,000 and 53,000). Lipopolysaccharide constituents were glucosamine, 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH-14:0, anteiso-3-OH-15:0, 3-OH-16:0, 3-OH-18:0), carbohydrates, and phosphate. A1γ-type peptidoglycan and non-peptidoglycan components (mannosamine, glucose, mannose, and glucosamine) indicated the presence of a peptidoglycan-polysaccharide complex in the cell walls of Gloeobacter violaceus.