Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 55-61

First online:

Diallel analysis of androgenetic plant production in hexaploid Triticale (X. triticosecale, Wittmack)

  • G. CharmetAffiliated withInstitut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Station d'Amélioration des Plantes
  • , S. BernardAffiliated withInstitut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Station d'Amélioration des Plantes

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Studies were made on the genetic determination of androgenetic plant yield and its two components: embryo production and green plant regeneration. This involved the analysis of a complete 7×7 diallel cross of 4 androgenetic lines and 3 lines obtained by pedigree selection, one of them having the Triticum timopheevi cytoplasm. The three traits analysed are both heritable and environmentally influenced (by season and culture medium composition). The analysis of embryo production shows a mainly nuclear inheritance, with predominantly additive gene action, but also a favourable effect of Triticum timopheevi cytoplasm. Green plant regeneration has a more complex genetic determination, with additive as well as non-additive gene action and cytoplasmic influences. Hybrids appear superior to inbred lines for embryogenesis and green plant yield, but not for green plant regeneration. Androgenetic lines used as parents did not show superiority over other parents either in their own value or in the transmission of androgenetic abilities. Genetic improvement seems to be possible by recombination in progenies of hybrids between lines having complementary abilities.

Key words

Hexaploid Triticale Anther culture Androgenetic responsiveness Diallel analysis Genetic control