Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 76, Issue 4, pp 593–600

Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs)

2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea


  • K. M. Song
    • Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of Wisconsin
    • Department of AgronomyUniversity of Wisconsin
  • T. C. Osborn
    • Department of AgronomyUniversity of Wisconsin
  • P. H. Williams
    • Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of Wisconsin

DOI: 10.1007/BF00260914

Cite this article as:
Song, K.M., Osborn, T.C. & Williams, P.H. Theoret. Appl. Genetics (1988) 76: 593. doi:10.1007/BF00260914


Preliminary analysis using nuclear RFLPs provided evidence that subspecies within Brassica rapa originated from two different centers. One center is in Europe, represented by turnip and turnip rape from which the oilseed sarson was derived. A second center is in South China containing a variety of Chinese vegetables of which pak choi and narinosa seem to be the most ancient forms. Based on RFLP data, the accessions of B. oleracea examined could be divided into three distinct groups, represented by thousand head kale, broccoli and cabbage. Thousand head kale and Chinese kale appear to be the primitive types. Observations of parallel variation among subspecies of both species are discussed.

Key words

Brassica rapaBrassica oleraceaMolecular taxonomyPhylogenetic treeRestriction fragment length polymorphism

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988