Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 565–569

Degradation of Crystal violet by Nocardia corallina

  • Chizuko Yatome
  • Shigeyuki Yamada
  • Toshihiko Ogawa
  • Masaki Matsui
Environmental Biotechnology

DOI: 10.1007/BF00242956

Cite this article as:
Yatome, C., Yamada, S., Ogawa, T. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (1993) 38: 565. doi:10.1007/BF00242956

Abstract

Crystal Violet (BV3), a typical triphenylmethane dye, was degraded by growing cells of Nocardia corallina IAM 12121, although their growth was inhibited at the initial stage of incubation. The dye was degraded at a low concentration, below 5 μmol dm−3. The growth of the cells was completely inhibited at a dye concentration of 7 μmol dm−3. A degradation product of BV3 was identified as 4,4′-bis(dimethylamino) benzophenone (Michler's ketone; MK) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The product was obtained in a reasonable yield since it was not further metabolized by N. corallina IAM 12121.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chizuko Yatome
    • 1
  • Shigeyuki Yamada
    • 1
  • Toshihiko Ogawa
    • 1
  • Masaki Matsui
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of EngineeringGifu UniversityGifuJapan